There are 626 long-term care homes in Ontario (2019); of these, there are 3 categories:
For-Profit: 58%, Not-for-Profit: 24%, Municipal: 16%
What are the commonalities?
- Funding: All 3 types are funded by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care through the Local Health Integration Network (LHIN) based on the same formula.
In addition: Municipalities can opt to top up funding for their homes through tax payers’ dollars. Some of the other homes have either foundations or fundraising programs that can top up their funding for capital expenditures or program enhancement.
- Admission/wait lists: All 3 types are subject to a central admission/wait list process controlled by the LHIN
- Resident costs: In all 3 types, residents are required to contribute a co-payment for accommodation of basic ($1848.73), semi-private ($2,228.63) or private ($2640.78). These costs are as of 2018 and there is a cost of living increase each July.
- Legislation: All 3 types are subject to the same standards, rules and regulations.
- The for-profit long-term care homes are managed by their corporate office through their Chief Executive Officers (CEO’s)
- The not-for-profit long-term care homes are managed by a Board of Directors through their CEO’s
- The municipal or city-run long-term care homes have a formal mechanism in place for their management through a committee of City Council and a staff director.
Please note that unlike long-term care homes, retirement homes are not publicly funded and operate outside the domain of the long-term care home system. More details here.
Please comment on the blog if further clarifications are required.